Goat farming in Nigeria is both lucrative and enjoyable. Goat meat is a popular choice in supermarkets, palm wine and beer joints, fast food restaurants, likewise for family consumption.
Peppered fried meat (Asun), Suya-grilled meat, and goat meat pepper soup are all traditional Nigerian delicacies made from goat meat. Dairy products such as the well-known milk, cheese, and yogurt are also derived from goats.
These are only a few of the many reasons why goat products are so common throughout the world.
Your financial resources and breed primarily determine your ability to raise goats. To begin goat farming in Nigeria, you must first determine which breed to use.
There are several different types of goats, but only a few are suitable for the Nigerian climate.
Good breeds do well in the north, particularly from Abuja upwards, such as the Red Sokoto (Maradi) breed and the Sahelian/Desert breed, while the West African dwarf goat does well in the south.
Steps to Starting Goat Farming in Nigeria:
Securing a landed space to hold the goat stock is the most important step. There should be perimeter fencing, housing, and grazing on the property.
The purchased land should also be a healthy grazing ground with a variety of grasses. Goats are mostly clean animals. They consume a wide range of nutrient-dense plants.
Construct a short perimeter fence or a barbwire fence across your farmland; I prefer barbwire to a short perimeter fence for obvious reasons: barbwire is more secure and harder for goats to scare through while keeping the animals away from predators.
Construct a good dwelling for your goats. House is required to protect them from harsh weather and other environmental conditions. Goats dislike poor weather; they like to stay indoors when it’s raining, and stay in a shade when it’s sunny, and stay outside and graze when the weather is nice.
Goats eat almost anything, which makes their food relatively inexpensive. They mostly eat green grass, but formulated feeds can be used to improve growth and fattening. Owing to the herbivorous nature of the animals, tuber and root peels may also be used.
Grass, cassava peels, banana peels, sweet potato peels, nuts, groundnut husks, soya bean husks, and other supplies can be added.
- Care and Sanitation
You must pay attention to the health and sanitation of your goats. Goats are susceptible to a variety of diseases that can quickly spread and kill animals.
The feed should be examined on a daily basis as the animals can develop diarrhea if the feed is polluted. Ensure the surroundings are well tidied.
The worth of a goat is normally determined by its weight. A goat is measured in the abattoir, and the price is determined by the weight or height of the goat, depending on the customer.
With a thorough knowledge of the market, goat farming can have a high return on investment. A market-sized goat can be sold for N20,000 or more.